Perşembe, Kasım 06, 2014

Revisiting National Security Discourse In Turkey With A View To Pacification: From Military Power To Police Power Onto Orchestration Of Labour Power-Gülden Özcan


"Authoritarian and militarist tendencies of Turkish political structure have for so long been blamed both in theory and in politics on the series of military coup d’états, in particular on the 1980 coup.1 My primary aim here is to offer a framework that goes beyond the civil-military dichotomy through revealing the discursive continuities on national security from the militaryrule to the civilian Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi—AKP) governments of the 2000s."


REVISITING NATIONAL SECURITY DISCOURSE IN TURKEY WITH A VIEW TO
PACIFICATION: FROM MILITARY POWER TO POLICE POWER ONTO
ORCHESTRATION OF LABOUR POWER
Gülden Özcan
Abstract
In this article, I try to analyse the neoliberal re-structuration in Turkey with a view to fabrication of official national security discourse and its adaption as common sense among productive classes. Acknowledging pacification as a counter-hegemonic approach to securitization, I offer an alternative framework to study the role of national security in Turkish politics that goes beyond rather traditionalized civil-military dichotomy. I argue that national security is a technique aiming at pacification with both imperial and local targets and that it should be understood with recourse to the neoliberalism-security-pacification axis. The article composes of three sections. First, I explore the history of the term pacification. Second, I look at the discursive continuities on national security between the military regime and the civilian AKP governments. Third, I reflect on the alternative forms of solidarity emerged during the Gezi Resistance that open the possibility of creating a counter-hegemonic common sense.
Key terms: Gezi Resistance, militarization, national security, neoliberalism, pacification, police

--excerpt from the article--

“In this article, I try to analyse the neoliberal re-structuration in Turkey with a view to fabrication of official national security discourse and its adaption and adoption among productive classes as common sense through making use of the conceptual framework pacification provides. In Turkey, the neoliberal-authoritarian nexus was initiated under the three-year military interim regime following the 1980 military coup when the official discourse on national security was transformed and expanded to include literally everything; so much so, one of the generals who could define national security as follows:

“In this country, from rice prices to highways to touristic places there is not a single matter that is not related to national security. If you are thinking too deeply, that as well becomes a matter of national security (quoted in Ahmad, 1999: 156, my translation). “

Authoritarian and militarist tendencies of Turkish political structure have for so long been blamed both in theory and in politics on the series of military coup d’états, in particular on the 1980 coup.1 My primary aim here is to offer a framework that goes beyond the civil-military dichotomy through revealing the discursive continuities on national security from the militaryrule to the civilian Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi—AKP) governments of the 2000s. It is my contention that the civil-military dichotomy in the analyses of Turkish politics has in turn masked the differences among diverse approaches on the issue and set a blockage on the critical understanding of specificities of the diverse politics on diverse issues. As a result of this dominant approach a perception has emerged assuming that if it was not for the military tutelage Turkish political life would not have suffered all the misconducts, anti-democratic procedures, oppression and so on. With this aim in mind, I start off by exploring the term pacification, then move forward to Turkey’s transition to neoliberalism, and then to the AKP rule. I will conclude with a brief discussion of how counter-hegemonic actions in the face of security measures were developed during the Gezi Resistance that started on May 2013.”



TÜRKİYE’DE ULUSAL GÜVENLİK SÖYLEMİNİ PASİVİZASYON BAĞLAMINDA YENİDEN DÜŞÜNMEK
Özet
Bu makalenin amacı, Türkiye’deki neoliberal yeniden yapılandırma sürecini resmî ulusal güvenlik söyleminin fabrikasyonuna ve bu söylemin üreten sınıflar tarafından ortak kanı olarak adaptasyonuna referansla analiz etmektir. Bu amaçla, pasivizasyonun güvenlikleştirme için karşı hegemonik bir yaklaşım sunduğu kabulünden yola çıkarak, Türk siyasetinde ulusal güvenliğin rolünü çalışmak için daha ziyade gelenekselleşmiş olan sivil-askerî ikileminin ötesine geçen alternatif bir çerçeve önerisi sunacağım. Ulusal güvenliğin, hem emperyal hem yerel hedefleri olan pasivizasyonu amaçlayan bir teknik olduğu ve dolayısıyla neoliberalizm-güvenlik-pasivizasyon ekseninde anlaşılması gerektiği yazının temel argümanını oluşturuyor. Makale, üç bölümden oluşuyor. Birinci bölümde, pasivizasyon kavramının tarihini inceleyeceğim. İkinci bölümde, askeri rejimlerden sivil AKP hükümetlerine ulusal güvenlik söyleminin devamlılığına bakacağım. Üçüncü bölümde ise Gezi Direnişi sırasında ortaya çıkan alternatif dayanışma biçimlerine ve bunların nasıl karşı hegemonik bir ortak kanı yaratma ihtimalinin yolunu açtığını tartışacağım.

Anahtar terimler: Gezi Direnişi, militarizasyon, ulusal güvenlik, neoliberalizm, pasivizasyon, polis.